Technology is basically the total sum of any systems, practices, skills, procedures, and techniques employed in the creation of new products or services or in the achievement of goals, for instance scientific research. The process of technology transfer is a huge part of the world’s economy. Many people have a misconception that technology is about computers. Technological change occurs in all areas of human life including the economy. The definition of technology is extremely vague because it is used in so many different ways and has been developed so widely.
Technological change is not just about new materials, devices, and machines. It also includes societal changes, political philosophies, and technological developments affecting the way we live our lives. In order for us to fully comprehend the scope and diversity of techne, it is useful to break down what the word really means. Technologists are people who are engaged in creating and using new technological systems and products. These systems and products do not necessarily include new machinery but rather can include new processes, and materials. Some technologists are involved in researching how various technological systems and products will interact with each other.
There are four main technologists that are prominent in the field. Two of these technologists are Johnogens chappe and Gunnery wizard Frank Giuliano. These two scholars have innovated many different areas of research in their field. Johnogens change is a pioneer of statistical analysis and became a professor at the University of California in Los Angeles.
Frank Giuliano is an associate professor at UCLA and is an expert on the economic impacts of new technologies. He has written numerous books on this topic, most notably, Digital Media and Society: A Comparative Approach. In an interview with William Poundstone, he said that the main difference between him and Gunnery wizard Aloysius schatzberg was that schatzberg had a much different point of view; whereas, Giuliano believed that both should be considered in a contextual analysis because technology had multiple effects.
The fourth member of the analytical category of technologist is Gunnery wizard Peter Galle. In his book Technological Change, dated with a year from the year 2021, Galle discussed the relationship between culture and technology. According to Galle, technology affects how people experience culture and thus, how society reacts to it. He also went as far as to state that, because of the way technology has changed the world, technology is a form of religion and thus cannot be separated from the culture that surrounds it.
In reviewing the work of the four members of the analytical category of technologist, it appears that all of them have some things in common with each other. For instance, all of them are scholars in applied science. Furthermore, all of them have a strong interest in culture, whether it be technological political, or cultural. Giuliano and Galle also agree with Schatzberg that technology has been changing the way that we do things in the past but they differ when it comes to how this has changed in the twenty-first century.
In discussing Aristotle and schatzberg, the debate lies on the question of whether the analysis of culture as a practical activity or a philosophical ideal is applicable to the study of technological change. According to Aristotle, culture is nothing other than an abstract objectivity. Therefore, according to Aristotle, science is not descriptive of reality but it is merely an attempt to describe reality. This is in contrast to Schatzberg who believes that technological change can only be studied from a practical point of view. Therefore, he argues that technological change must be studied from an aristotleian, or theoretical, point of view.
With regard to the analysis of the twentieth century, Giuliano and Galle do not disagree with Schatzberg. However, they agree that there are two main theories in twentieth century history. The first one is the liberal revolution, which was started by liberalism in the nineteenth century and ended with the Second World War. According to the liberal school, all technologies were equal and therefore the end of differentiation between technologies was reached. According to the traditionalist school, all technologies were exclusive and therefore there is no need to differentiate between technologies at all.